Keffiyehs torn between terror and couture

“Sheer striped scarf woven with some Lurex for a bit of sparkle. Finished with tonal fringe. Exclusive to Urban Outfitters. Imported. Dry clean.” This description, found on the Urban Outfitters Web site, paints a picture

I“Sheer striped scarf woven with some Lurex for a bit of sparkle. Finished with tonal fringe. Exclusive to Urban Outfitters. Imported. Dry clean.”

This description, found on the Urban Outfitters Web site, paints a picture of a $20 scarf – known as a keffiyeh – that is offensive to some Israeli and anti-war advocates. In Philly, it’s hard to go a day without seeing at least a dozen of them – casually worn by guys, girls and mannequins alike.
“Those goofy-looking hipster kids wear them,” Eric Bonnavent, an Art Institute sophomore, said.

“I wear them because I look totally radical in them, basically,” said Raheem Rademaker, a designer for

The fashion-forward kids strolling down Walnut Street and the Avenue of the Arts have absolutely no idea that some people in war-torn countries are wearing the exact same plaid, tasseled fringe scarves to support terrorism.

“It’s completely fashion forward,” said Torey Lehman, a fashion major at the Art Institute in Philadelphia. “It started in Hollywood and worked its way to our neck of the woods. I have a ton of colors and they keep me warm, even though it’s spring now.”

“Support of terrorism,” as the Herald Tribune called it, is just one of the handful of messages lying on the chests of people who wear these scarves, even though they think they’re only buying into a fashion trend.

Stores like Urban Outfitters and H&M sport these garbs in almost all of their window displays, making the scarf practical for nearly any outfit and any person to own.

“Why do people care about these scarves?” junior Monika Galecki said. “It’s just a piece of cloth. I don’t think anyone could be offended by something so minuscule.”

The keffiyeh has been a fashion accessory spotted from the runway in Paris to the necks of Arabic soldiers in Palestine. It is also part of the uniforms worn by neo-Nazi youth groups in Germany.

The wearing of these scarves has led to confusion. People who see them as symbols of hate aren’t sure whether a person wearing one means offense or not; people who wear them and are aware of the connotations aren’t sure whether or not those connotations hold resonance outside of certain situations.

“Those scarves aren’t just for Palestinians, they are a part of wear for the Muslim culture as well. Since I have Muslim individuals in my family, I wear it as homage to them as well as a figure of my individual taste,” Sigourney Salley, a student at the Fashion Institute of Technology, said. “As an individual, if I choose to do my own research – it is my choice – their war, I believe, is not my war. My war is living day-to-day in New York City.”

Meanwhile, blogs like, a popular blog for Jewish culture, have seen its message boards fill with outraged responses to the scarf.
Some feel as though this is a positive political statement that should be embraced more within the United States.

“I wear the keffiyeh as a statement of support for the movement to liberate Palestine from the Israeli occupation,” New York City resident Tigist Mogus said. “And there is nothing negative about that.”

The literal dictionary meaning of keffiyeh is “an Arab headdress for men, made from a diagonally-folded square of cloth.” Pictures of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat can best illustrate the origins of this newborn Western trend.

Nicholas Ghesquière, the designer for the Balenciaga house, used Arafat as inspiration when he designed the “Balenciaga scarf,” which debuted on runways in August 2007. Within a couple of months, stores had knock-off versions of the scarf on their shelves.

“For many in the non-Arab world, the scarf may still conjure up images of anti-globalization protesters or armed rebels, but don’t be fooled,” Robb Young said in an article for the Herald Tribune. “This trend is just as fueled by globalization as any solidarity some who wear it may have with anti-globalization.”

Although fashion has temporarily claimed naïveté, the wearers’ wake-up call might occur sooner than they think. Representatives for Urban Outfitters have been close-mouthed about the issue, refusing to talk to the press without lawyer representation.

Giavanna Ippolito can be reached at


  1. Your stupid. Keffiyehs have been worn in the Middle East to PROTECT PEOPLE FROM THE SUN AND AS TRIBAL IDENTIFICATION for thousands of years. Long before Europeans invaded the Middle East and created terrorism.

  2. This is ridiculous. It doesn’t have anything to do with terrorism! The Keffiyeh has symbolism in Palestina Libre- free Palestine. It is a symbol for millions of people, myself included, that Israel needs to get our of palestine and stop torturing, killing, and oppressing the Palestine People.

  3. everyone wearing them sort of takes away the power of the symbolism theyre intended for so thats a good thing.jenna you need a history lesson so you can at least pretend youre not ignorant(and i dont support anglo-american imperialism)and aly have you ever been to israel or palestine?i highly doubt it.dont get caught up in propaganda campaigns.

  4. There is no point for anyone in America to wear a keffiyeh, unless they are guarding their head from the sun and/or desert weather. People in Palestine don’t wear keffiyehs to represent anything, it is merely a head protectant and it certainly does not represent terrorism. It should not be worn as a fashion trend or worn to pay homage to anyone in this country; to me, that is extremely offensive! I would wear a shirt depicting the shrinking map of Palestine if I wanted to make an informative statement.

  5. Anyone who feels him/herself offended because someone wears a keffiyeh is a racist! Palestinian people suffer much enough to have to tolerate this stupid articles. Think!

  6. This article is short sighted. The keffiyeh has a long history apart from being military garb. It’s also been used for tribal recognition. Also, the author should have had some discussion about the color of the keffiyeh

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